KIDNEY STONE TREATMENT
The need for kidney stone treatment in Dubai may arise from many medical, environmental, and lifestyle reasons, which can adversely affect the normal function of the kidneys. The kidney stone treatment at Bizrahmed, Dubai, will give you the perk of being treated by the top urology doctor in Dubai. This treatment is recommended as it is reliable and is one of the most effective treatments.
The urinary tract includes the kidneys, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located below the ribs and towards the middle of the back, on each side of the spine. The kidneys remove excess water and waste products from the blood, forming urine. Also, the kidneys keep the body’s minerals in balance.
Two “ureters” carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. In the centre of the lower abdomen is an oval chamber. The bladder’s function is to act as a reservoir for urine; its elastic walls stretch and expand to store urine. When urinating, these walls flatten when urine is emptied through the urethra.
What are kidney stones
When the kidneys filter waste products from the blood, they produce urine. Sometimes, the salt and other minerals in the urine stick together as small kidney stones.
These range from the size of sugar crystals to ping-pong balls, but unless they cause blockages, they are rarely noticed.
If they rupture and push into the ureter (the narrow tube leading to the bladder), it may cause severe pain.
Some common symptoms to be aware of are:
- Severe pain in the back, abdomen, or groin
- Frequent or painful urination
- Blood in the urine
- Nausea and vomiting.
Small stones may pass without causing any symptoms.
Kidney Stones, especially small stones, may not cause any symptoms. However, if it is large enough to cause symptoms, extreme pain (renal colic) is the first symptom. When the stone moves in the urinary tract and stays in its downward path, it suddenly begins to pain and blocks the urine flow.
Usually, the person suffers severe colic on the back and sides of the kidneys, back, or lower abdomen. In about 20 to 60 minutes, the pain tends to be wavy, gradually increasing to peak intensity and then gradually disappearing. It may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The pain may radiate to the groin, testicles, or vulva.
If the stone is too large to pass directly, the pain will increase because the narrowed ureteral muscles will try to push the stone down into the bladder. As the stone moves down, it rubs against the inner wall of the affected ureter, and blood may appear in the urine. Burning pain during urination may be another related symptom.
If these symptoms are related to fever and chills, it may mean that the infection requires immediate medical attention.
Best Kidney Stone Treatment Centre In Dubai, UAE
Bizrahmed is one of the top Kidney Stone treatment centres in Dubai, UAE. Over the years, the field of urology and andrology has experienced tremendous growth, which was previously unthinkable. Endoscopic surgery can treat 90% of all urology cases during this time.
Urology is a surgical speciality involving diagnosing and treating reproductive organs. At Bizrahmed Dubai, we provide expert treatments for all urological diseases, especially andrology. We have world-class specialist urologists with many years of global experience performing thousands of surgical operations and providing you with the most suitable treatment options to achieve the best results.
kidney stones types
Calcium-based stones are the most common and include, for example, calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate stones. These calcium-based stones are usually caused by dehydration leading to supersaturation of the urine, but parathyroid, kidney, or intestinal diseases can also cause them.
On the other hand, uric acid-based stones are common in people who have high protein content in their diet or people who have increased blood uric acid due to gout or other haematological diseases.
Struvite usually affects people who are prone to recurring kidney infections. They can grow very large and fill the entire kidney.
Cystine stones are rare and are caused by the genetic disease cystinuria. Here, the kidneys excrete abnormally large amounts of specific amino acids.
Tests and diagnosis
Clinically, when someone shows a picture suggesting renal colic, it is suspected that there is a stone. People who exhibit back pain, groin, or pain without apparent cause and acute onset may also be suspected of having urinary stones. Testing for blood in the urine is helpful for diagnosis, but not all stones cause blood in the urine.
Urinary stones can be found in X-rays (this diagnostic tool can only show calcium-containing stones) or ultrasound. These diagnostic images can provide doctors with valuable information about the size and location of gemstones. Laboratory blood and urine tests can help detect abnormal substances (such as high uric acid levels) that may promote stone formation.
The preferred imaging method is now non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) spiral scan. CT can locate stones, indicating the degree of stone obstruction of the urethra.
Sometimes, “silent” stones (which don’t cause symptoms) are accidentally found on plain X-ray films taken during general health checkups or other medical necessity assessments.
Kidney Stones Removal Treatment Options in Dubai, UAE
The type of treatment depends on several factors, including:
- Specific to the stone: size/shape/quantity/location
- Specific to the patient: age/past-medical history/medical condition/drugs
- Conservative management
- Medical treatment
- Expulsion treatment
- Shock wave lithotripsy
- Ureterostomy and laser
- Percutaneous surgery
Kidney stones Medical Therapy
The urologist you are treating may prescribe medications to help prevent calcium and uric acid stones. These drugs control the amount of acid or base in the urine, which is a key factor in crystal formation. The drug allopurinol may be useful in cases of hyperuricosuria.
If hyperuricosuria is diagnosed, the urologist needs to prescribe diuretics to control it, such as hydrochlorothiazide. These drugs reduce the calcium released by the kidneys into the urine. They work best when sodium intake is low.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can relieve the pain of renal colic. If the pain is severe and the patient is hospitalized, sometimes a focused drug (such as tramadol) is needed.
About one-fifth of stones do not pass spontaneously and require some urological intervention.
If the ureter is blocked or may be blocked, a double J stent is usually inserted using a cystoscopy procedure. It is a thin hollow tube with coiled ends (braid-shaped). It can also be used as a temporary holding measure because it prevents contraction of the ureter, thereby reducing pain. It takes time until more specific measures can be taken.
Best preventive measures to remove kidney stones
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)-can use to destroy the stones in the uppermost part of the renal pelvis or ureter. In the process, the sound wave generator shoots shock waves toward the body, breaking the stone. Then, the stones pass in the urine.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)-for large stones (> 2 cm), staghorn stones, and cystine stones
- Ureteroscope- the insertion into the urethra and through the bladder to remove small stones in the lower part of the ureter that needs to remove. In some cases, the ureteroscope can also use with a device that breaks the stone into smaller fragments, which can remove with a ureteroscope or passed through urine (called intracorporeal lithotripsy). Most commonly, laser lithotripsy is used. In this process, a laser uses to break the stone. It has a very high success rate among experienced personnel.
- Open surgery-rarely has done, usually only for complicated cases or cases where all the above methods are ineffective.
The recurrence of urinary stones is very common. Therefore, it recommends that patients with urinary stones take certain lifestyle measures to help prevent or delay recurrence. The most important thing is to drink a lot of water.
The treatment of kidney stone in Dubai and all over the world includes sever ways adding drinking lots and lots of water is the best and fastest way to cure your kidney stone. It will remove the stone by urine. It still depends on the size of the stone. If you have been suffering from it for so long without knowing it and the size of the stone is large enough to be passed by urine than the doctor will go for other treatments.
The Treatment for kidney stones varies depends on the type of stone and the cause. Kidney specialists in Dubai refer to further treatments:
Treatment for Small stones with minimal symptoms
Small stones in the kidney do not need to be operated. They can be removed by a few home remedies and simple prevention such as:
- Drinking water. Drinking 1.8 to 3.6 litres of water per day is considered more than any best kidney stone surgery in Dubai, it will help to keep your urine dilute and it may also prevent stone forming or drink water as much as your doctor suggests you produce clear urine. The small stone will pass by urine. Stated by kidney stone specialist in Dubai.
- Pain relievers. Clearing a small stone may lead you to some discomforts. It is included in one of the best kidney stone surgery in Dubai. To relieve from such mild pain your kidney specialist in Dubai may recommend you Advil, Motrin IB, or naproxen sodium (Aleve).
- Medical therapy. Alpha-blocker is a well know medicine which helps to pass mild stones. Tamsulosin (Flomax) and the drug combination dutasteride and tamsulosin (Jalyn). This is the most recommended medicine by a doctor. It passes the stone more quickly and with less pain by relaxing the urethra muscles. This therapy is mostly recommended as it is the best kidney stone removal surgery in Dubai.
Large stones and those that cause symptoms
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More intensive treatment according to kidney specialists or the best kidney stone removal surgery in Dubai is required, when the stones are too large to pass. Passing their own can cause bleeding, kidney damage, or ongoing damage to urinary tract infections. Treatment for such cases includes further procedures:
- Sound waves to break up stones
In kidney stone treatment in Dubai, your doctor may recommend a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), Depending on the size and location of the stone. It is the other option of best kidney stone surgery in Dubai. Sounds waves are produced by ESWL to create strong vibrations. Those vibrations break down the stones into pieces, tiny enough to pass by your urine. This is a 45 to 60 minutes procedure done by kidney specialists in Dubai. The patient may be under the sedation or light anaesthesia to be comfortable as this procedure can cause moderate pain.
Removal of large stones required surgery as a kidney stone treatment in Dubai. The procedure is called percutaneous nephrolithotomy. This is a surgical removing procedure for removing kidney stone. Small telescopes and instruments inserted through a small incision in the patient’s back. The patient will get general anaesthesia during the surgery and he/she could be admitted for 1 or 2 days in the hospital or as kidney specialists suggest.
- Using a scope to remove stones
Ureter scope, a thin lighted tube is used as a kidney stone treatment in Dubai, which is equipped with a camera is inserted to your ureter through your urethra and bladder for the removal of small stones. This device helps to find the stone and breaks it into the pieces into as much small particle that can be able to pass through urine. It may cause swelling. To avoid swelling the kidney stone specialists will place a small tube called a stent in the ureter. It may provide quick healing as well. General or local anaesthesia may be required during this procedure.
It depends on the size and location of the kidney stones, says kidney stone specialists. Kidney stone treatment in Dubai says, If the size of the stone is small then it could be passed by urine by drinking plenty of water and taking some home remedies but in case the stones are too large to be passed, they would need surgery in an opinion of kidney stone specialists in Dubai.
The removal of a stone depends on the treatment you would be given for the treatment according to Kidney stone treatment specialists. As per kidney stone treatment in Dubai, Some treatments might take 45 to 60 minutes and the rest of a few hours and then you are discharged and some treatment includes 1 or 2 days bed rest. Overall, it may take less than a month to be able to continue your mild activities. But do not engage your self in physically hard activities if you have been gone through surgery.
Here are some prevention for kidney stone treatment in Dubai and worldwide that can help you to stay away from kidney stones. These precautions are taken from Kidney stone specialists in Dubai.
- Stay hydrated. Drink a lot of water.
- Add more calcium-rich foods into your diet.
- Reduce the amount of sodium in your diet.
- Eat fewer oxalate-rich food.
- Minimize the amount of animal protein.
- Avoid Vitamin C supplements.
- Explore home remedies.
- Do a light jogging or cardio work out.
- Talk to your doctor for prevention medication if you have already suffered through kidney stone.
According to Kidney stone treatment in Dubai, Small stones can be passed through the urine but large size stones cannot. They may lead to bleeding and infection to the ureter.
Additionally, kidney stone treatment in Dubai claims, Mild kidney stone can be removed by drinking water and adding lemons in your diet. The one should skip high oxalate food to remove a kidney stone. One should cut back the animal proteins. Eating too much of animal protein which may include meeting eggs or seafood etc. May boost the level of uric acid in the body. So avoid consuming such a diet for stone removal.